By Date

Yosemite documentary features Berkeley sequoia researchers

Department of Integrative Biology - Mon, 04/03/2017 - 13:25

BS Nature documentary that first aired March 29 and is now available for streaming explores the impact of climate change on Yosemite National Park, and features two UC Berkeley biologists who climb to the tops of giant sequoias to understand what the future holds for these ancient trees.

Categories: Science News

When human illness rises, the environment suffers, too

UC Berkeley Science News - Mon, 04/03/2017 - 12:00
Sick people can also create health problems for the environment, as a new study of the fishing community around Kenya’s Lake Victoria shows.
Categories: Science News

Renewable energy has robust future in much of Africa

College of Natural Resources - Mon, 04/03/2017 - 08:53
Image:   recreation, energy generation and livestock grazing. (Grace Wu photo) Date:  Wednesday, March 29, 2017 - 08:30 Legacy:  section header item:  Date:  Monday, April 3, 2017 - 08:30 headline_position:  Top Left headline_color_style:  Normal headline_width:  Long caption_color_style:  Normal caption_position:  Bottom Left

More than Meets the Eye...

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology - Thu, 03/30/2017 - 11:02

MCB graduate student Nicole Haloupek's lovely article in the Berkeley Review is featured front and center on the UC Berkeley home page today. Read the full article, "Color by Numbers," which highlights the fascinating work of the Patel Lab (including grad students Ryan Null and Rachel Thayer) and other researchers on campus examinig the science behind color.

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Presti Interviewed in CALIFORNIA Magazine

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology - Wed, 03/29/2017 - 15:24

MCB Teaching Professor of Neurobiology David Presti is interviewed about his popular UC course on Drugs and the Brain, and expanding public interest in psychopharmacology and consciousness in the Spring 2017 edition of CALIFORNIA magazine. 

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European Patent Office to grant UC a broad patent on CRISPR-Cas9

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology - Tue, 03/28/2017 - 14:40

"The European Patent Office (EPO) has announced its intention to grant a broad patent for the revolutionary CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technology to the University of California, the University of Vienna and Emmanuelle Charpentier."

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Renewable energy has robust future in much of Africa

UC Berkeley Science News - Mon, 03/27/2017 - 12:00
Strategic siting of wind and solar farms can reduce need for fossil fuel and hydropower
Categories: Science News

BioE startup mFluiDx publishes their detection chip in Science

Department of Bioengineering - Mon, 03/27/2017 - 11:55
mFluiDx, a startup founded by BioE PhD alum Charlie Yeh and currently in the CITRIS Foundry incubator, has published their development of a portable, self-powered, low-cost nucleic acid detection chip. This simple chip allows rapid quantitative digital nucleic acid detection directly from small human blood samples, an alternative to real-time PCR testing in remote or low-resource settings.
Categories: Science News

New American Academy of Microbiology Fellows

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology - Mon, 03/27/2017 - 11:04

MCB Professors Russell Vance and Matt Welch were among the 73 new ASM fellows. "Fellows of the American Academy of Microbiology, an honorific leadership group within the ASM, are elected annually through a highly selective, peer-review process, based on their records of scientific achievement and original contributions that have advanced microbiology."

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Moorea course offers students transformative field research experience

College of Natural Resources - Thu, 03/23/2017 - 10:05
Image:  Photograph taken in the ocean with view of Moorea island mountains Date:  Thursday, March 23, 2017 - 10:00 Legacy:  section header item:  Date:  Thursday, March 23, 2017 - 10:00 headline_position:  Top Left headline_color_style:  Normal headline_width:  Long caption_color_style:  Normal caption_position:  Bottom Left

Seven months after Rio Olympics, Zika continues to plague babies in urban slums

UC Berkeley Science News - Thu, 03/23/2017 - 08:53
New research shows that risk to visitors to the Rio Olympics were low, but people who live there bear the brunt of the mosquito-borne virus
Categories: Science News

Herr Lab advances protein expression profiling of circulating tumor cells using microfluidic western blotting

Department of Bioengineering - Thu, 03/23/2017 - 08:00
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are detached primary cancer cells found in the circulatory system that are implicated in the metastasis of cancer. Herr and collaborators have developed a microfluidic western blot for an 8-plex protein panel for individual CTCs, derived from estrogen receptor positive breast cancer patients, that advances the state of the art in CTC characterization with tiny sample sizes.
Categories: Science News

Feature story: Designing healthy futures

Department of Bioengineering - Mon, 03/20/2017 - 14:17
See how students in bioengineering and other fields are working at the intersection of design and health at the Jacobs Institute for Design Innovation.
Categories: Science News

Bautista Appointed Class of 1943 Memorial Chair

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology - Fri, 03/17/2017 - 14:30

MCB Associate Professor of Cell and Developmental Biology Diana Bautista has been appointed to the "Class of 1943 Memorial Chair." The endowed chair is rotated among disciplines and departments at the discretion of the Chancellor.

M.Eng. Capstone Project Highlight: Commercializing Nanocarriers for Neurological Diseases

Department of Bioengineering - Fri, 03/17/2017 - 11:30
A capstone team of bioengineering MEng students is developing nanocarriers to deliver medicine to inaccessible regions of the brain to treat neurologic and brain-related diseases.
Categories: Science News

Two BioE startups graduating from CITRIS Foundry

Department of Bioengineering - Fri, 03/17/2017 - 11:28
BioE startups GenEdit (Prof Niren Murthy and PhD Kunwoo Lee) and SmartPhage (MEng Job Shiach) have completed their time as members of the CITRIS Foundry's startup program and are going out to change the world.
Categories: Science News

Hawaiian biodiversity has been declining for millions of years

UC Berkeley Science News - Thu, 03/16/2017 - 08:30
Because of constantly shrinking land area, the older islands have been losing bird, insect and plant species for millions of years
Categories: Science News

Are you ready to explore baby’s genome?

College of Natural Resources - Wed, 03/15/2017 - 11:08
Doctor's hands and a baby's foot during newborn genomic screening

When you have a day-old baby, a nurse or a phlebotomist performs a heel stick to take a few drops of blood from your infant and sends it off to a state lab for a battery of tests. Most of the time, you never hear about the results because your child is fortunate enough to not have a rare disease, such as cystic fibrosis or sickle cell disease, or any of the dozens of conditions for which most states screen. You, as a parent, may not even remember hearing about newborn screening.

Newborn screening is mandatory in most states, including California, unless parents refuse for religious or other reasons. Screening is generally accepted because it is only performed for conditions where measures are available to save the baby’s life or mitigate the harms of such conditions, if found early enough—and where, without screening, the disease would not be clinically evident and so would likely not be recognized until too late. However, now that scientists have developed methods for sequencing the entire genome, what would happen if states began incorporating genome sequencing to find out more about baby’s health? How would that work? What should parents learn about their baby’s genome? What shouldn’t they?

Steven Brenner, a professor in the Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, is part of a national consortium of researchers and doctors studying the ins and outs of potentially using genome sequencing for newborn health screenings and beyond. 

Called NSIGHT, the consortium includes four NIH grants and spans multiple institutions, including 4 lead institutions:

  • University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)
  • University of North Carolina School of Medicine
  • Brigham and Women’s Hospital/ Boston Children’s Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine
  • University of California San Diego Rady Children’s Institute for Genomic Medicine

The group published an overview of their current and future research in the journal Pediatrics  last month. Their studies are working to address using genome sequencing in three clinical scenarios:

  • Screening: to test healthy newborns for preventable or treatable conditions that genetic sequencing could detect or help confirm.
  • Diagnostic: to find the specific genetic causes of congenital anomalies or unexplained illnesses in babies admitted to neonatal intensive care units.
  • Predictive: to explore the entire genome of the child, as a resource for health care throughout the course of the child’s life.

In collaboration with researchers at UCSF and the California Department of Public Health, Brenner is a part of the group working on the screening scenario, with research in computational genomics. The group is creating the tools needed to analyze the genome for the dozens of metabolic disorders that are now a part of California’s newborn screening program. The state has archived residual dried blood spot samples from infants since 1982. The group focused on a subset of the archive—samples collected from approximately 4 million babies from 2005-2013—analyzing blood from the 1,500 babies in that group who had an inherited metabolic disorder identified by screening. At first it was not clear that enough intact DNA could be obtained from the tiny dried blood spots on the archived filter paper, but as Jennifer Puck of UCSF said, “It is remarkable that the sequence quality obtained from this material was equivalent to sequences from fresh blood samples.” Puck is co-principal investigator for the grant and leader of the UCSF DNA extraction laboratory.

From all this material and multiple DNA databases that serve as a reference tool, Brenner’s group aims to sort out the gene variants involved in the disorders and assess what roles they play. “The metabolic disorders are amongst the best understood genetic diseases, which makes them a promising set of disorders to explore with genomic sequencing,” said Brenner. “Our results are showing both unexpected limitations as well as potentially lifesaving applications of the genomic technology in screening.”

This NSIGHT consortium will work with parents and conduct genomic sequencing on newborns to develop evidence that may support guidelines for whether and how this new technology could be effectively and appropriately incorporated into newborn screening or the care of newborns.

In addition to the lead sites, NSIGHT includes researchers and administrators from the National Institutes of Health (the National Human Genome Research Institute, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences); RTI International; University of California, Berkeley; American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics; Harvard Medical School; University of Illinois-Chicago School of Public Health; California Department of Public Health; Oregon Health & Sciences University; University of Washington; and UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital San Francisco.

Related Information

 

Image: Doctor's hands and a baby's foot during newborn genomic screeningDate: Wednesday, March 15, 2017 - 11:15Legacy: section header item:  Date: Wednesday, March 15, 2017 - 11:15headline_position: Top Leftheadline_color_style: Normalheadline_width: Longcaption_color_style: Normalcaption_position: Bottom Left

EBI, Shell sign $25 million partnership to fund new energy tech research

College of Natural Resources - Wed, 03/15/2017 - 10:32
Attendees at a signing ceremony.

Attendees at the signing ceremony at EBI. From left to right: Melanie Loots, Isaac Cann, Liesl Schindler, John Coates, Ajay Mehta, Paul Alivisatos, Yuri Sebregts. (UC Berkeley photos by Peg Skorpinski)

UC Berkeley’s Energy Biosciences Institute has entered into a five-year research agreement with Shell International Exploration and Production to fund research that meets the growing demand for energy in ways that are economically, environmentally and socially responsible.

The agreement is to spend up to $25 million over five years on fundamental research in the areas of global energy transition and new energy technology. The agreement will make EBI a global leader in energy technology research to make next-generation fuels a competitive, sustainable alternative to fossil fuels.

“The Shell agreement brings the first of EBI’s new sponsors into the institute and adds a new dimension to the research focus incorporating research in material sciences, electrochemistry, and computational analysis,” said John Coates, director of the EBI and a Berkeley professor of microbiology.

EBI and Shell are now accepting proposals to initially pursue fundamental research in the areas of solar energy transformation, advanced energy storage and novel synthesis routes to create new products, and to leverage new capabilities in computational material science and biosciences and bioengineering.

The collaboration will also focus on creating new energy technology that will enable fuels derived from sustainable sources to be readily available alongside conventional fossil fuels in the market. EBI’s research focus to date has been on enabling feedstock availability — a goal shared with Shell, which currently holds 50 percent equity in Raízen, the world´s largest producer of one of the lowest-CO2 biofuels available today.

Read the complete story at the UC Berkeley News site.

 

Image: Attendees at a signing ceremony.Date: Wednesday, March 15, 2017 - 10:30byline: By Brett Israel, UC Berkeley Media relations Legacy: section header item:  Date: Wednesday, March 15, 2017 - 10:30headline_position: Top Leftheadline_color_style: Normalheadline_width: Longcaption_color_style: Normalcaption_position: Bottom Left